Millennium Underground Museum

Budapest was the second city in Europe, after London, which built an underground. The purpose of the underground was to facilitate transport to the Budapest City Park along the elegant Andrássy Avenue without building surface transport affecting the streetscape.

Plans of the underground were developed by Siemens & Halske AG a German electrical engineering company a pioneer in electric railway systems. Construction works of the 6.0 metres wide, 2.65 metres high tunnel started on 13 August 1894 and were made by the enterprise of Róbert Wünsch. The project was supervised by Ödön Vojtek.

The first section (3.7 km) between Vörösmarty tér and Széchenyi Bath was inaugurated on 2 May 1896, the year of the Millennium (that’s why this Metro line is called Millennium Underground Railway), by Emperor Franz Joseph.

The Millennium Underground Museum was opened in 1975 in a 60m long disused metro tunnel and includes original carriages populated by mannequins dressed in period costume and information displays about the planning and building of the underground. There is also a shop selling souvenirs.


Copyright ©: Text and photos by Károly Teleki Industrial Heritage Hungary

Source: 1) Budapest műszaki útmutatója 1896 (reprint). Edvi Illés Aladár (szerkesztő). TERC Kft., 2005. 2) Technikai fejlődésünk története 1867-1927. Magyar Mérnök- és Építész-Egylet, Stádium Rt., 1928. 3) A Visegrádi Négyek országainak technikai műemlékei I. Informacni Centrum CKAIT, Praha, 2000 (ISBN 80-86364-06-02) 4) Kalendárium: 1896. május 2. A Millenniumi Földalatti Vasút megnyitása. Tarján M. Tamás (szerző)., 2015.